Meiji Restoration (明治維新 Meiji Ishin), known contemporaneously as the Honorable Restoration (御一新 Goisshin), and often referred to as the Meiji Renovation, Revolution, Reform, or Renewal, used to be an event that restored practical imperial rule to the Empire of Japan in 1868 under Emperor Meiji. Despite the fact that there have been ruling Emperors before the Meiji Restoration, the events restored practical abilities and consolidated the political system under the Emperor of Japan. The goals of the restored government were expressed by the brand new Emperor within the Charter Oath. The Restoration led to enormous changes in Japan’s political and social structure and spanned both the late Edo period (regularly known as the Bakumatsu) and the beginning of the Meiji period. Right through the Restoration, Japan unexpectedly industrialized and adopted western ideas and production methods.